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Acknowledgments
Introduction


CHAPTER 1: SWITCHING ATTITUDE GEARS

Diving as a Lifestyle
Pursuing Your Own Interests
A Realistic Assessment of Risk
A Realistic Assessment of Cost


CHAPTER 2: EQUIPMENT

Masks, Fins, and Snorkels
Masks
Fins
Snorkels
Dive Knife
Regulators
The First Stage
- Piston Valve Regulators
- Diaphragm Valve Regulators
- Balanced vs. Unbalanced
The Second Stage
Scuba Lab
Ports
Alternate Air Source
Submersible Pressure Gauge
Buoyancy Compensators
Weight Integration
Lift Capacity
BC Valves
Alternate Air Source Integration
Cams
D Rings
Scuba Lab
Fit and Comfort
Depth Gauges
Dive Computers
Decompression Theory
- The British Theory (Haldane’s Model)
- The U.S. Theory (Worksman’s Model)
- The Swiss Model (Buhlmann’s Model)
- The Canadian Theory (DCIEM Model)
- DSAT and DCAP
Computer Types
- Stand-Alone
- Gas-Integrated
- Nitrox-Compatible
- Hoseless Computers
- Dive Logging and PC Interface
Computer Lockout
Computer Miscellany
Scuba Lab
Exposure Suits
The Coonass Wet Suit
Dive Skins
Wet Suits
Hoods and Vests
Dry Suits
Tanks
Air Capacity
The Aluminium-80
Tank Valves
Hydrostatic Testing and VIP
Tank Markings
Weights and Weight Belts
Nylon-Web Belts
Neoprene Pocket Belts
Ankle and Tank Weights
Dive Bags


CHAPTER 3: GEAR MAINTENANCE

Mask
Initial Fogging
Mask Box
Regulator
Annual Professional Servicing
User Maintenance
Hoses
In-Leaks
Out-Leaks
Packing and Storage
Submersible Pressure Gauge
Bursting
Casing Damage and Flooding
Out-Leaks
Computer
Batteries
Heat
Out-Leaks
Flooding
Buoyancy Compensator
The Air Cell
Power Inflator Valve
Dump Valves
Storage
Tanks
VIP
Tumbling
Hydrostatic Testing
User Maintenance
Heat
The Tank Valve
Boots and Accessories
Filling and Emptying
Tank Storage


CHAPTER 4: GADGETS THAT WORK, AND GOOD IDEAS

Hose and Gauge Retainers
Octopus Retainers
Console Retainers
- Suicide Clips
- Post Clips
Clip Systems
Post Clips
Fastex Clips
Retractable Lanyards
Dive Lights
Dive Slates
Plastic Ties
Clip-On Weights
Spare Air
Moldable Mouthpieces
Safety Sausages
Dry Boxes
Small Box
Large Box
Dry Bags
Medical Dive Insurance
Dive Equipment Insurance


CHAPTER 5: HOW TO BUY EQUIPMENT

Buying New Gear
Your Instructor and Certifying Dive Shop
Discount Catalogs and Online Providers
Buying Used Gear
Masks, Fins, and Snorkels
Regulators
Buoyancy Compensators
Tanks
Exposure Suits
Personalizing Your Gear


CHAPTER 6: KINDRED SPIRITS AND FIRST TRIPS

Finding Dive Buddies
The Value of an Established Buddy
Classmates
Dive Shop Personnel
Dive Clubs
When Nobody Can Go
Where to Go
Checkout Dive Site
Where Do the Dive Shop Personnel Dive?
Local Specialties
Continuing Training
- Local Specialties
- Rescue Diver
- Training Agency Specialties
- Nitrox Diver
- Master Diver


CHAPTER 7: AN INTRODUCTION TO MOTHER OCEAN: WATER WEIGHT AND DENSITY

The Characteristics of Ocean Water
Water Weight and Density
Salinity
Haloclines
Thermoclines
Personal Buoyancy
How Water Density Affects Light
Refraction
Reflection
Color Absorption
Diffusion
How Water Density Affects Sound


CHAPTER 8: THE WEATHER: WIND AND WAVES, STORMS, AND CURRENTS

Wind and Waves
Water Movement in Waves and Surge
Surge
Wave Size
Forecasting Wind and Waves
Thunderstorms
Currents
Tides
Longshore Currents
Rip Currents
Undertow
River Currents and Lake Seiches
The Gulf Stream
Surface-Wind Currents


CHAPTER 9: THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT

Organization of the Ocean
The Environments
The Zones
The Littoral Zone Regions
The Four Life-Forms
Anatomy of a Coral Reef
Coral Reef Formation
Coral Colonization
Hard Corals and Soft Corals
Sponges
Predation, Cooperation, and Competition
Spooky and Potentially Hazardous Marine Animals
Corals
Fire Coral
Hydroids
Sponges
Anemones
Jellyfish
Urchins
Stingrays and Scorpion Fish
Fireworms
Moray Ells
Barracuda and Groupers
Territorial Biters
Sharks
- Shark Aggression and Bites


CHAPTER 10: GOING DIVING

Diving from Charter Boats
Check-In
Boarding the Boat
The Marine Head
The Dive Briefing
Mask Rinse Buckets and Camera Buckets
Dive-Boat Rigging and Lines
Battling the Beast: Dealing with Boarding Ladders
Surface Intervals
Heading Back and Tipping
Diving from Privately Owned Boats
Safety Considerations
Legal Considerations
Diving from Shore
Safety Considerations
Tides and Currents
Surf
Legal Considerations
Practical Considerations
Drift Diving
Types of Drift Diving
Safety Considerations
Practical Considerations
Night Diving
Yoke Lights
Dive Lights
Marker Strobes
Safety Considerations
Practical Considerations


CHAPTER 11: STAYING OUT OF TROUBLE

Underwater Navigation
Starting at a Fixed Point
Sight Navigation
The Divie Briefing
Navigating Boat Dives on Walls and Reefs
Natural Navigational Aids
Using a Compass Underwater
Estimating Distances Underwater
Navigating in Currents
Compass Variance and Deviation
Advanced Underwater Navigation
The Fine Art of Being Lost
Buddy Problems
Common Solo-Diving Scenarios
Independent Buddy Diving
Bad Buddy Tricks


CHAPTER 12: WHEN A GOOD THING GOES BAD: BASIC RESCUE PROCEDURES AND DIVER PROBLEMS

Rational-Patient Surface Assist
Passive-Patient and Panicky-Patient Surface Rescue
Unconscious-Patient Surface Rescue
Unconscious Patient on the Bottom
Decompression Sickness
Types and Symptoms of Decompression Sickness
First Aid and Treatment of Decompression Sickness
Lung Overpressure Injuries
Arterial Gas Embolism
Mediastinal Emphysema
Subcutaneous Emphysema
Pneumothorax
Some Problems of Breathing under Pressure
Oxygen Toxicity
Carbon Dioxide Toxicity (Hypercapnia)
Nitrogen Narcosis
Hypothermia
Mild and Moderate Chilling
Hypothermia and Severe Hypothermia
Overheating
Heat Exhaustion and Heatstroke
Hyperthermia


CHAPTER 13: DIVING IN THE UNITED STATES

Road Trip
The Gulf Coast
The Flower Gardens National Marine Sanctuary: Coral Moutains in the Middle of Nowhere
Louisiana Oil Rigs: 3,000 Totally Tubular Reefs
The Florida Panhandle: The Emerald Coast
Florida Springs and Rivers: Timeless Clearwater Pools
Crystal River and Homosassa Springs, Florida: Manatee Mecca
Venice, Florida: The Shark Tooth Capital of the World
The Florida Keys and Key West: America’s Favorite Reef
The East Coast
West Palm Beach, Florida: Riding the Gulf Stream
The Cooper River, South Carolina: The Tomb of Monsters
North Carolina: The Graveyard of the Atlantic
Rhode Island: Blue Sharks in Cold Water
New Jersey and New York: Wreck Valley
The Great Lakes
Shipwrecks Preserved in a Freshwater Sea
The West Coast
Southern California: The Genesis of Popular American Recreational Scuba
Northern California: America’s Wild Coast
The Pacific Northwest: Domain of Soft Giants
Inland USA: A Place Near You


CHAPTER 14: INTERNATIONAL DIVE TRAVEL

Getting There
Get Firsthand Information
Use a Dive Travel Specialist
Understand Trade-Offs
Get a Passport
Consider Travel Insurance
Try to Avoid the Major U.S. Gateways
Know Your Air Provider
Get Your Gear in Order
Pack Smart
Maximize Carry-On Items
Arrive Early
Schedule Plenty of Time for Connections
Survive Customs
Dedicate Travel Days to Traveling
Stay Healthy
Travel with a Spirit of Adventure
Where to Go
The Bahamas
The Caribbean
The North Pacific Ocean
The South Pacific Ocean
The Indian Ocean and Red Sea


APPENDIX: UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY

Basic Photography
Light
The Camera
- Digital Cameras
- Viewfinder Cameras
- SLR Cameras
The Lens
- Focal Length
- Aperture
- Lens Speed
- Depth of Field
The Film
- Negative Film
- Reversal Film
- Film Speed
- Film Grain
- Film Latitude
- Film Temperature
- Film Contrast
- Digital Sensors
Making the Exposure
- Exposure Meters
- How Light Meters Decide What Exposure Is "Appropriate"
- Bracketing Exposures
- The Photographer’s Dilemma
- Strobes
Popular Underwater Photographic Equipment
Cameras
- Nikonos II
- Nikonos III
- Nikonos V
Lenses
Strobes
What Else You’ll Need
- Trays and Arms
- Sync Cords
- Viewfinders
- Separate Light Meter
Taking Photos Underwater
Setting Up the Nikonos Camera
Underwater Macro Photography
- How to Shoot and Expose for Extension-Tube TTL Macro Photography
- How to Manually Expose for Extension-Tube Macro Photography
The Nikonos Close-Up System
- How to Yse the Nikonos Close-Up System
- Manual Settings for the Nikonos Close-Up System
Normal-Lens (35 mm and 28 mm) Photography
- Balancing Strobe Light with Ambient Light
- Controlling Backscatter
- Dealing with Parallax Error
Wide-Angle Lens (20 mm and 15 mm) Photography
Photographic Composition


RESOURCES

Books and Magazines
Web Sites and CD-Roms
General Scuba Certification Agencies
Technical Diving Certification Agencies


INDEX



Pär Ahlgren
Pär Ahlgren
2010-04-17 10:26:51
2 606 postningar

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Huvudinlägg Recension "THE CERTIFIED DIVER'S HANDBOOK" Pär Ahlgren 2010-04-17 10:22
svara Fullständig innehållsförteckning för intresseradePär Ahlgren2010-04-17 10:26

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